Gareth Southgate says England’s players cannot do much more beyond discussing human rights issues in the build-up to the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
But the FA has been criticised for the delay in its statement on human rights.
“There is not a lot more the players in particular can do other than talk about those issues and put them on the table,” said England boss Southgate.
“We have got to be realistic about what is achievable and also we have taken good advice on what people would like us to [do],” he added on BBC Radio 5 Live.
“I haven’t seen yet, other than not going to the tournament, what else it would be that people would be looking for us to do.
“We are always ears open in terms of listening to opinions, that’s what we have tried to do through this whole process.”
The FA has joined nine other European nations in supporting the OneLove initiative at the World Cup finals in Qatar – where same-sex relationships and the promotion of same-sex relationships are criminalised – and the skippers of each will wear an armband promoting diversity and inclusion.
The FA, which said it has been in dialogue for more than a year with human rights organisations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations, has also backed calls for compensation to be awarded for “any injury or death related to any construction project”.
England captain Kane said he discussed the OneLove campaign with Tottenham team-mates Christian Eriksen, of Denmark, and Hugo Lloris, of France.
“It was about coming together,” Kane said. “There is only so much the players can actually do and wearing the armband on the biggest stage in the world will have an impact.
“But we can only do what we can. We have definitely taken a step forward to help some of the issues in Qatar.”
Qatar’s chief organiser Hassan al-Thawadi said on Thursday that the country is no longer listening to “sceptics” as it prepares to host the tournament in November and December.
“Qatar has long passed the stage of responding to sceptics of its ability to host the World Cup”, organising committee secretary-general Al-Thawadi told the Qatar News Agency.
“From the first day, we were sure that actions on the ground will prove to everyone Qatar’s ability to host a major tournament like the World Cup.”
England meet European champions Italy in Milan on Friday (19:45 BST) in their penultimate Nations League group match, before taking on Germany at Wembley on Monday.
Only two victories from those fixtures – England’s last until their World Cup opener versus Iran on 21 November – will guarantee Southgate’s side avoid a first relegation in the competition, which began in 2018.